Main Forums >> DIY, Electronics, Studio Design & Acoustics
        Print Thread

Pages: 1 | 2 | (show all)
Scottdru
Cool Dude


Joined: 17/12/02
Posts: 4392
Loc: NYC: isle off the coast of Eur...
The DIY Links thread
      #14390 - 16/09/04 03:14 PM
OK guys, welcome to the new DIY forum! I'm posting this thread up as a sticky thread, so as we run across new DIY links that will be good to have around for regular reference, we won't have to go searching for them.

Enjoy!

Scott

--------------------
Scott
--Where are we going and why am I in this handbasket?


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
~Paul



Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1793
Loc: South Herts/North London
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #14540 - 16/09/04 05:14 PM
Fantastique!
Here's one for starters then..
www.paia.com
I've never bought anything from this lot yet, But am often tempted..

--------------------
Paul


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
~Paul



Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1793
Loc: South Herts/North London
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: ~Paul]
      #14545 - 16/09/04 05:18 PM
Ahh, and something else that has me tempted (Although i already have a MAQ 16/3 which is very similar)
The P3 sequencer
http://www.colinfraser.com/p3/p3.htm

--------------------
Paul


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Jakob Erland - Gyraf...



Joined: 16/09/04
Posts: 3
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #14551 - 16/09/04 05:25 PM
Here's what we've managed to collect over at "The Lab":

http://www.prodigy-pro.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=1277

..It's a good resource if you're looking for DIY-related information..


Jakob E.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Forum AdminAdministrator



Joined: 22/07/03
Posts: 2355
Loc: Cambridge
RS Components and Maplin Electronics new [Re: Scottdru]
      #14603 - 16/09/04 06:47 PM
Two different but equally useful resources for components etc:

Maplin Electronics

RS Components

--------------------
SOS Trade Show videos now screening on Sound On Sound TV


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Nat
member


Joined: 08/08/01
Posts: 57
Re: RS Components and Maplin Electronics new [Re: Forum Admin]
      #14615 - 16/09/04 07:18 PM
And probably cheaper than RS but less easily navigable, is http://www.farnell.co.uk/


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Adam Inglis



Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 377
Loc: Gold Coast Queensland Australi...
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #14809 - 17/09/04 05:07 AM
Thanks Ian and ScottDru
Good idea for a forum - but are we a dying breed? I guess we'll find out...

Here's my collection from over the years. These have helped me build filters and wahs, mods for my TR909 and SH-09, ext control for my minikorg 700 etc etc

Fantastic resource for guitar related circuits, but of course applicable anywhere...
http://geofex.com/
The Synth DIY grey pages
http://www.geocities.com/SoHo/Museum/4459/grey_pages/grypag_index.html
Barry Klein wrote a classic text on building synths in 1982, you can still buy it from him direct
http://members.cox.net/barryklein/
Synth DIY UK
http://www.modulus.synth.net/SynthDIY_UK/
Rick Jansens Synth DIY links
http://dropmix.xs4all.nl/synth-diy/
Fantastic circuits and articles using transformers
http://www.jensen-transformers.com/
Another synth DIY searchable archive
http://www.buchi.de/SDIY/
Troubleshooting and Repair of Audio Equipment
http://repairfaq.ece.drexel.edu/sam/audiofaq.htm
Vintage audio schematics
http://www.audiophool.cjb.net/Techno.htm
E-music DIY archive - great links!
http://www.physicsenterprises.andrews.edu/diy_archive/links.html
Reed Ghazala's Art Of Circuit Bending (as featured in SOS years ago!)
http://www.anti-theory.com/soundart/circuitbend/
Check out Jürgen Haible's homepage for homemade synth modules and FX
http://home.debitel.net/user/jhaible/hj.html
Guitar FX circuits
http://hammer.ampage.org/
Bernie Hutchin's Electronotes probably launched more DIY synthesizers on the world than any other source...
http://electronotes.netfirms.com/
Tips for repairing vintage synthesizers
http://www.oldcrows.net/~oldcrow/synth/
The Synhouse Midijack, for retrofitting those vintage synths...
http://www.synhouse.com/originalmidijack.html
More circuit bending, mentions the SOS article..
http://www.cementimental.com/links.html
The brilliant Robin Whittle, who modded my 303, 808, and DX7 many years ago...
http://www.firstpr.com.au/

Phew! That should get you started....!

hth

--------------------
Adam Inglis
Funboys


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
mattneighbour
minus nine


Joined: 07/01/03
Posts: 394
Loc: York, UK
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Adam Inglis]
      #14914 - 17/09/04 10:06 AM
Ayone interested in DIY MIDI projects has to check out the MIDIbox projects at:

http://www.ucapps.de/

I'm going to get round to making a custom Ableton Live controller one day!!

Matt


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
PRR



Joined: 17/09/04
Posts: 3
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Adam Inglis]
      #15580 - 18/09/04 09:01 AM
> are we a dying breed?

We are reborn.

DIY was standard practice 1920 to 1970. Then the rise of very good yet low-cost pre-made products (Fisher, TEAC, Gateley, BiAmp, PhaseLinear) cast a shadow. The robust surplus-parts market from VietNam era military and computer systems scrap kept things alive, but that dried up by 1980. DIY became the secret hobby of a few quiet geeks.

But when DIY seemed totally dead, a lot of people woke up to the dull sound of the affordable boxes, and the variable sound of the hand-built boutique boxes. And while some parts have just vanished from the world, some others are in ready supply at cheap prices. And all those vacuum tubes came out of the closets they were hiding in, both old-stock and ex-Communist factories. And the Web let distant strangers share tips in forums like this one, cross-fertilizing each other's ideas and enthusiasm.

It may be better than ever.

It may also be, that some people with zero experience are doing things they probably should not be doing. I just warned a musician away from a transformerless "hot chassis" power supply that is likely to kill him. Such things were common knowledge once upon a time, but common knowledge isn't so common today as it was when every school had a Radio Club and many kids had learned not to stick their fingers in bad places.

Edited by PRR (18/09/04 09:06 AM)


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
UNIT393
All Funked Up


Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1581
Loc: Australia
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: PRR]
      #15898 - 19/09/04 02:40 AM
Gyraf Audio

Excellent site.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Pabs!



Joined: 03/09/04
Posts: 1126
Re: Pabs' DIY Links new [Re: Scottdru]
      #16192 - 19/09/04 11:57 PM
Heres some links that I have plundered from my Internet explorer Favorites folders.


http://www.geocities.com/j4_student/schematics.htm
schematics for all manner of stomp boxes

http://recording.org/users/kev/
Some interesting projects

http://www.maxiespages.com/Articles/Theremin_tech
Schematics for different types of Theremins

http://users.informatik.haw-hamburg.de/~windle_c/TableHooters/
http://www.alien-devices.com/
http://carrionsound.com/
http://www.oddmusic.com/illogic/
Various sites on 'Circuit Bending'

I have more links which I shall post later.

Pabs

[EDIT: Pabs, at your request, I deleted the other thread in which you originally posted these links. Cheers, Scott. ]

Edited by Scottdru (21/09/04 01:08 AM)


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
mc23
member


Joined: 08/05/03
Posts: 69
Loc: Hampshire, UK
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Pabs!]
      #16900 - 20/09/04 02:42 PM
The only site I can find with a quality "48v Phantom Power" circuit and a thorough discussion abot phantom power issues - and loads of other stuff too - very nice schematics!

http://sound.westhost.com

Cheers
Mike


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Matt Downing



Joined: 20/01/03
Posts: 1539
Loc: London
AX84 DIY Valve Guitar Amps new [Re: mc23]
      #17058 - 20/09/04 04:57 PM
http://www.ax84.com/ is brilliant for DIY valve guitar amps. I built their P1 amp a few years ago. They have everything you need including a very helpful forum - although be sure to search it first if you think you've got a typically newbie question.

Matt


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
UNIT393
All Funked Up


Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1581
Loc: Australia
Re: AX84 DIY Valve Guitar Amps new [Re: Matt Downing]
      #24475 - 30/09/04 07:49 AM
Microphone Pre Amp Kits

Seventh Circle Audio

JLM Audio


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
steveman



Joined: 17/03/02
Posts: 1142
Loc: London - UK
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #25182 - 30/09/04 10:02 PM
A couple of Schematic sites here, mainly vintage commercial stuff.

http://www.hylander.com/moogschematics.html
http://www.synthfool.com/schm.html

Synth circuit ideas. Some duplications (Haible's site is mentioned)

http://www.uni-bonn.de/~uzs159/


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
coool



Joined: 16/09/04
Posts: 556
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: steveman]
      #29104 - 07/10/04 09:36 AM
this is a fantastic forum, its really got me juices flowing again ....

have you seen this site for OAKLEY SOUND SYSTEMS they sell ready made synth modules which are compatible with MOTM units but also they do just the pcb's and the neccesary preprogrammed chips

gr


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
chewqbot
new member


Joined: 04/08/04
Posts: 29
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: PRR]
      #39957 - 23/10/04 06:59 PM
Quote PRR:

>
It may also be, that some people with zero experience are doing things they probably should not be doing. I just warned a musician away from a transformerless "hot chassis" power supply that is likely to kill him. Such things were common knowledge once upon a time, but common knowledge isn't so common today as it was when every school had a Radio Club and many kids had learned not to stick their fingers in bad places.




so true!
im a complete newbie to DIY and so iv just started off circuit bending a couple of cheap casio's& old yamaha psr's. Iv also been trying to make a few pedals-im currently on Failed Attempt no2 at a simple distortion pedal.

for the time being im only making/bending battery powered stuff cuz i know sod all - learnt how to solder over the summer though.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
UNIT393
All Funked Up


Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1581
Loc: Australia
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #49421 - 14/11/04 12:06 AM
Some basic but good stuff here:

Electronics Articles


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Adam Inglis



Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 377
Loc: Gold Coast Queensland Australi...
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #54725 - 26/11/04 04:22 AM
http://www.diyaudio.com/forums/

This one looks cool!, Discovered it when looking for a schematic for a RIAA phono pre amp...
Covers a lot of bases.

--------------------
Adam Inglis
Funboys


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Mr Boules



Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1676
Loc: Vacation
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Adam Inglis]
      #62811 - 15/12/04 03:04 AM
http://www.musikding.de/index.php


Almost too easy.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
person man
member


Joined: 26/04/04
Posts: 124
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #79430 - 26/01/05 07:21 PM
you're all gunna laugh I know....

But you can use weed wacker line of different guages for the strings of a double bass (doodle bass). there are some great/good/not-so-good home-made folk instrument tips and instructions here.

he's even got some sound clips of his doodle bass. Not bad either.

http://www.ehhs.cmich.edu/~dhavlena/

Edited by person man (26/01/05 07:23 PM)


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Skotchy



Joined: 23/02/05
Posts: 1
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #92271 - 23/02/05 12:17 AM
Hello i'm new to the world of DIY synths, currently taking a course on analog electronics at university. I have looked out much of the links, but i can't seem to find an appropriate 1. I'm looking for a diy site or even book, which discusses how to build the main parts of a synthesizer, such as the vca, oscialltor filter section etc, in real detail, step by step, ideally it will also send a package with all the components. i've been in paia but the book their is does not concern the main components of a analog synthesizer. Thanks


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Simon (aka UK03878)



Joined: 02/11/05
Posts: 1504
Loc: Munching a Carrot, The Fens
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Skotchy]
      #110408 - 05/04/05 08:55 AM
Quote Skotchy:

Hello i'm new to the world of DIY synths, currently taking a course on analog electronics at university. I have looked out much of the links, but i can't seem to find an appropriate 1. I'm looking for a diy site or even book, which discusses how to build the main parts of a synthesizer, such as the vca, oscialltor filter section etc, in real detail, step by step, ideally it will also send a package with all the components. i've been in paia but the book their is does not concern the main components of a analog synthesizer. Thanks



Any of these work for you?
http://www.tellun.com/motm/diy/diy.html
http://www.musicfromouterspace.com/analogsynth/SOUNDLABMINISYNTH/soundlab. html
http://www.wiseguysynth.com/larry/links.htm


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
DJ_Finsletown



Joined: 28/04/05
Posts: 5
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #121973 - 28/04/05 01:25 PM
Hi,

Does anyone have any links to articles about creating your own cables? I want to be able to make all types of standard audio cables.

Any help much appreciated.

D



Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Scottdru
Cool Dude


Joined: 17/12/02
Posts: 4392
Loc: NYC: isle off the coast of Eur...
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: DJ_Finsletown]
      #122008 - 28/04/05 02:03 PM
Hi DJ. Actually, there's a great guide to cabling here. I'm surprised this link hadn't been posted in this thread yet.

--------------------
Scott
--Where are we going and why am I in this handbasket?


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Leeboy
member


Joined: 23/01/04
Posts: 28
Loc: United States
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #124788 - 05/05/05 12:01 AM
Here's some of my faves:

http://www.angelfire.com/electronic/epeasant/index.html
http://www.emulatorarchive.com/
http://www.physicsenterprises.andrews.edu/diy_archive/schematics/synths/in dex.html


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Jim Y
active member


Joined: 30/03/04
Posts: 1167
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #127036 - 09/05/05 07:26 PM
A page of links...
http://www.electronics2000.co.uk/links.htm#Suppliers


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Martin WalkerModerator
Watcher Of The Skies


Joined: 28/02/01
Posts: 17585
Loc: Cornwall, UK
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #130139 - 17/05/05 12:48 PM
Here's a batch from me, to prove I've still got my soldering iron and remember how to use it

A handy one for MIDI info: www.hinton.demon.co.uk/midi/promidi.html

Well-known to the guitar community no doubt, but lots of useful DIY guitar wiring tips, potting pickups, links to homebrew valve amp info, electrical safety tips, and lots more: www.guitarnuts.com/index.php

Tomi Engdahl's Electronics Pages are well worth a read: www.tkk.fi/Misc/Electronics

Here's a huge list of electronic links: www.epanorama.net/index.php

If you want some projects by and for audio fanatics, try: www.diyaudio.com

Even more extreme, here's a huge selection of forums dedicated to various aspects of audio design, including one for esoteric DIY cables: www.audioasylum.com/index.html

Enjoy!


Martin

--------------------
YewTreeMagic


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
loverocker
member


Joined: 06/12/02
Posts: 270
Loc: England
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #194575 - 11/10/05 11:41 AM
Is it OK to plug one's own site? I started Amp Maker this summer after so much frustration that RS/Maplin/etc are scaling down the high-voltage stuff.

Amp Maker - for valve amp builders (amp kits from £129, cabinets, components, etc)

The first amp kit (the SE-5a) has an online build guide that might be useful to builders of other amps, too. See
se5aguide

--------------------
Don't let your mind wander - one day it won't come back.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Ynnhoj



Joined: 18/10/05
Posts: 1
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #197953 - 18/10/05 12:44 PM
Hi, I'm making a MIDI controller for a project at university and I'm having real trouble finding anyone who supplies linear faders, be they analogue or digital, that don't cost too much. I'm planning to include about 20 on my controller and so far the only ones I've found give a nice digital output, but cost over £12 each which I can't afford. I hope somebody can point me in the right direction or indeed shed light upon the feasability of making my own analogue faders. Thanks.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
default



Joined: 25/07/05
Posts: 1099
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #238290 - 17/01/06 09:17 PM
Doctronics Educational Publishing: This will get you started if you know absolutely nothing... (like me )
ML


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
GaryG
new member


Joined: 10/06/03
Posts: 151
Loc: Kent, UK
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #278618 - 05/04/06 12:57 PM
not a massive amount of detailed info but lots of audio projects here:

http://www.fivefish.net/diy/


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Frank EleveldModerator



Joined: 30/08/04
Posts: 3822
Loc: NL
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #279172 - 06/04/06 03:26 PM
I just noted the URL for http://www.backlights.co.uk is now referring to http://www.midi-rakete.de

It might be useful updating your bookmarks...


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
~Paul



Joined: 01/09/04
Posts: 1793
Loc: South Herts/North London
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Frank Eleveld]
      #281774 - 12/04/06 01:36 PM
For those interested in making their own custom Midi controllers.. Doepfer can give you a big head start now.. As they offer some bare midi boards which are ideal for this. There are even quite a few cool examples posted on the site. Well worth a look..
http://www.doepfer.de/home_e.htm Go to 'Products' and look in the 'OEM/DIY' section.

--------------------
Paul


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Frank EleveldModerator



Joined: 30/08/04
Posts: 3822
Loc: NL
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #333142 - 01/08/06 08:48 PM
Mic Pres

Borbely Audio
Dantimax
JLM Audio (already mentioned above)
K&K Audio
PAiA
Peter C's homepage
Seventh Circle Audio (also already mentioned)

Line stages
Dantimax
GoldPoint

Work in progress, more to come...


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Jim Y
active member


Joined: 30/03/04
Posts: 1167
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #334872 - 05/08/06 05:10 PM
Fun!
http://www.musicfromouterspace.com/analogsynth/YOUR_FIRST_SYNTH/YOUR_FIRST _SYNTH.html

For those newbies who're ready to move on from kit assembly and don't want (who does?) yet another electronic dice project, I think the above will satisfy the urge for something that makes noises but is still pretty simple with easily got parts.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Matt Downing



Joined: 20/01/03
Posts: 1539
Loc: London
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Jim Y]
      #338692 - 14/08/06 06:11 PM
Here's a site with an enormous list of links to different DIY pages. There are a few audio-related ones, a few good general electronics ones and lots of amusing other stuff. My favourite is "How to make a cricket bat from networking gear".

http://www.makezine.com/blog/archive/diy_projects/

Matt


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Frank EleveldModerator



Joined: 30/08/04
Posts: 3822
Loc: NL
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #364933 - 09/10/06 03:20 PM
From HeadWize-forum fame, here's a link to Sijosae's gallery containing as many as 70 homebrew projects, including headphone amps, voltage rail splitters, nifty little things like headphone plugs with integrated volume control, etc.

What this guy can do on a piece of matrixboard is downright awesome, it's neater than some PCB designs I've seen... Inspirational stuff...


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Frank EleveldModerator



Joined: 30/08/04
Posts: 3822
Loc: NL
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #386711 - 28/11/06 06:53 PM
A contribution by Koed: a very useful web site on how to make your own printed circuit boards using Eagle Lite, a laser printer and some patience. The process is concisely described and pictures are included, providing visual support.


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Purusha



Joined: 12/02/07
Posts: 10
Loc: Slovenia, Europe
Re: The DIY Links thread new [Re: Scottdru]
      #420752 - 13/02/07 09:03 PM
Custom DIY racks link

--------------------
Hey, who's the best? It's God all mighty


Post Extras: Print Post   Remind Me!   Notify Moderator     Back to top
Pages: 1 | 2 | (show all)

Rate this thread

Jump to

Extra Information
0 registered and 4 anonymous users are browsing this forum.

Moderator:  David Etheridge, James Perrett, zenguitar, Martin Walker, Forum Admin, Hugh Robjohns, Zukan, Frank Eleveld, SOS News Editor,  
Forum Permissions
      You cannot start new topics
      You cannot reply to topics
      HTML is disabled
      UBBCode is enabled
Rating: ****
Thread views: 179026

October 2014
On sale now at main newsagents and bookstores (or buy direct from the
SOS Web Shop)
SOS current Print Magazine: click here for FULL Contents list
Click image for October 2014
DAW Tips from SOS

 

Home | Search | News | Current Issue | Tablet Mag | Articles | Forum | Subscribe | Shop | Readers Ads

Advertise | Information | Privacy Policy | Support | Login Help

 

Email: Contact SOS

Telephone: +44 (0)1954 789888

Fax: +44 (0)1954 789895

Registered Office: Media House, Trafalgar Way, Bar Hill, Cambridge, CB23 8SQ, United Kingdom.

Sound On Sound Ltd is registered in England and Wales.

Company number: 3015516 VAT number: GB 638 5307 26

         

All contents copyright © SOS Publications Group and/or its licensors, 1985-2014. All rights reserved.
The contents of this article are subject to worldwide copyright protection and reproduction in whole or part, whether mechanical or electronic, is expressly forbidden without the prior written consent of the Publishers. Great care has been taken to ensure accuracy in the preparation of this article but neither Sound On Sound Limited nor the publishers can be held responsible for its contents. The views expressed are those of the contributors and not necessarily those of the publishers.

Web site designed & maintained by PB Associates | SOS | Relative Media