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Mike Senior
SOS Mix Specialist


Joined: 08/08/03
Posts: 1398
Loc: Cambridge, UK
Bon Iver: 'Calgary'
      #954014 - 17/11/11 07:03 PM
Everyone has different views as to how lead vocals should be balanced in a track, and it’s no secret that mix levels and effects treatments vary considerably from genre to genre. Nevertheless, cutting across stylistic boundaries is something of a general consensus amongst mix engineers that, if nothing else, the listener should be able to make out the song’s lyrics. One of the practical problems with judging this at mixdown, however, is that if you yourself actually know what the lyrics are supposed to be, it can make them appear much more audible to you than they will be to the average listener. So the fact that Bon Iver’s chief writer Justin Vernon shouldered some mixing duties on his latest album may go some way towards explaining why I can’t work out what the hell he’s singing about most of the time!

Take this first single, ‘Calgary’, for instance — actually one of the better tracks as far as intelligibility is concerned! Even after listening repeatedly through full-range studio monitors, two different small speakers, and a set of top-of-the-range headphones, I still managed to significantly misunderstand 17 of the 31 lines of lyrics, enough to completely destroy any hope of his subtly nuanced message reaching my consciousness intact. Some people (possibly Vernon included) may well argue that a little mystery remaining in the lyrics is no bad thing — many bands have made a slight lyrical vagueness into something of a calling card, after all. But taking that concept quite this far just seems like a shot in the foot, because I certainly come away from this record frustrated, and not because I don’t like the music.

My suspicion, though, is that Vernon and his co-mixer Brian Joseph reached this end result because they weren’t fully aware of quite how difficult it would be for other people to pick out the words. In their position, I’d certainly have asked someone with no knowledge of the song for an opinion on the issue, to defeat any bias from their own internal ‘lyric crib sheets’ when making judgements about vocal balance, and I can’t imagine that they’d have left the mix this way had they done so.

I’d also have suggested that they checked over the mix at a few different levels, because on the evidence here it probably wouldn’t be too far-fetched to speculate that the record was mixed predominately at high playback levels — not only do the words feel significantly easier to comprehend under those circumstances, but the production as a whole has the characteristic mid-range emphasis that frequently results from over-loud mixdown monitoring. A greater reliance on mono listening might have paid off for them too, because stretching the stereo field, whether by listening on headphones or by pushing your head forward beyond a speaker system’s sweet spot, is another thing that makes these wide-panned vocal layers seem clearer than they really are. Indeed, in this context it’s interesting to note that the little ‘making of’ documentary on Bon Iver’s web site appears to show their studio monitors spaced rather too far apart, at least as far as anyone sitting at the DAW controls is concerned.

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Mike Senior
SOS Mix Specialist


Joined: 08/08/03
Posts: 1398
Loc: Cambridge, UK
Re: Bon Iver: 'Calgary' new [Re: Mike Senior]
      #954015 - 17/11/11 07:07 PM
I reviewed this one from Bon Iver's eponymous album, which gives the following credits:

Produced by Justin Vernon
Engineered by Justin Vernon and Brian Joseph
Mixed by Justin Vernon and Brian Joseph
Additional engineering by Nate Vernon

I notice that there appears to be no mastering credit, which might account for some of the useless subsonics rolling around underneath the music. A mastering engineer might also have had a quiet word about vocal intelligibility too... Speaking of which, to put some specifics on my comment about misunderstanding half the lyrics (and also for everyone's general amusement!), here's what I guessed the lyrics were saying before I looked at the booklet. [Alongside any misinterpreted lines I've put the intended lyrics, as written in the CD booklet, in square brackets like this.] Here goes:

-----------------------------------------------------------

Don't you cherish me, to sleep
Never keep your eyelids clipped
Hold me falling apart so close [Hold me for the pops and clicks]
I was only for the father's crib

Hey, hold on alone [Hair, old, long along]
Your neck onto his shoulderblades, ahhh
Always keep their message taped
Cross your breasts you won't erase
I was only for a very trace [I was only for your very space]

Hey, open up no fair [hip under nothing]
Propped up by your other one,
Face away from the sun
Just have to keep up dialogues
Teach our bodies hop the cogs [Teach our bodies haunt the cause]
I was only trying to smell lust [I was only trying to spell a loss]

Joy, it's all from me [Joy, it's all founded]
Put you at the skin itself [Pincher with the skin inside]
Ping me with your blaster eyes [Pinned me with your black sphere eyes]
Knowing all the ropes are tied [You know that all the rope's untied]
I was only falling down your side [I was only for to die beside]

So it's storming on the lake
Little waves our bodies break
There's a fire going out
There's really nothing to this sound [There's really nothing to the south]
Swollen ocean like leg room [Swollen orange and light let through]
Your one-piece swimmer stuck to you

So, I'll never [Sold, I'm ever]
Open ears and open eyes
Wake up to your starboard bride
Who goes in under stays inside [Who goes in and then stays inside]
Oh the demons come they can't subside [Oh the demons come they can subside]

-----------------------------------------------------------


That's an awful lot to get lost in translation... I'm still laughing like a drain at "Ping me with your blaster eyes"!

Incidentally, I thought I'd just check that the video I referred to was still on Bon Iver's web site, but it looks like they've since redesigned it and I couldn't find it on there anymore. It turns out, though, that it was created in conjunction with a Spin magazine cover feature, and can still be viewed HERE. (It's at the bottom of the article.)

For more critiques of commercial productions, browse The Mix Review Index.

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Recording Secrets for the Small Studio
A complete recording method based around the techniques of the world's most famous producers.


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J_Young



Joined: 06/07/12
Posts: 1
Re: Bon Iver: 'Calgary' new [Re: Mike Senior]
      #996520 - 06/07/12 02:43 PM
Can you elaborate on "A greater reliance on mono listening". It sounds that when you use a lot of panning this is a good thing to check. What about the audio is commonly mis-represented in the stereo tracks (in general, not just this particular track)?

Great reviews overall, just found them and have already learned a lot.


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Mike Senior
SOS Mix Specialist


Joined: 08/08/03
Posts: 1398
Loc: Cambridge, UK
Re: Bon Iver: 'Calgary' new [Re: J_Young]
      #996562 - 06/07/12 09:17 PM
Quote J_Young:

Can you elaborate on "A greater reliance on mono listening". It sounds that when you use a lot of panning this is a good thing to check. What about the audio is commonly mis-represented in the stereo tracks (in general, not just this particular track)?




Anything hard-panned will be much clearer in mono irrespective of balance, just because it's coming from a different direction than most of the important stuff (in the centre). Also, if something's hard-panned it creates a real image rather than a phantom image, and is therefore more solid than most central and mid-panned things. Then there's the 3dB (ish) level drop that hard-panned sounds suffer from in mono. All in all, there are a lot of things that'll compromise the intelligibility of hard-panned vocals, and Bon Iver haven't really accounted for them enough, in my view.

--------------------
Recording Secrets for the Small Studio
A complete recording method based around the techniques of the world's most famous producers.


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