Shut Down, Sleep or Hibernate — which is the most efficient for the PC musician?
A huge effort has been put in by manufacturers and developers to reduce computer power consumption with the aim of lengthening the battery life of laptops, notebooks, and tablets so their users can roam freely. Everyone can see the sense in this, especially laptop musicians, who make music on the move and prefer not to be tied to a mains power point. When it comes to desktop, tower and rackmount PCs, though, battery life is irrelevant, so what are the most appropriate Windows power settings in these scenarios?
The most important aspect for the musician (as discussed in these pages on many occasions) is to make sure the CPU can provide 100 percent of its processing power continuously, since any interruptions to this capability, however short, can result in audio glitches during playback or, even worse, during recording, when you may end up with permanent clicks and pops in your audio files. To achieve this, the first thing to check is your Windows Power Plan, which on Windows 7 or 8 should be set to 'High Performance'.
It thus makes perfect sense for the musician to have maximum computing power available at all times while their PC is switched on, but what choice should you make at the end of the day when you intend to switch off? You can choose Shut Down, Sleep or (if the appropriate settings are enabled in Control Panel) Hibernation. As its name suggests, Shut Down is the most final, as once your PC has carefully ensured that any outstanding work has been saved (it alerts you if not), it closes down all open applications and then powers down your machine.
For the mobile musicians, who usually desire the longest battery life, the Shut Down option probably makes most sense. Hibernation (which saves all your open documents and projects onto your hard drive as a single file, whose size approximates to that of your installed RAM, and then turns off your computer as before) takes longer to power down but can be useful if you don't want the hassle of saving any pending work using the save options of individual applications.
However, I've personally never used Hibernation on a desktop or laptop PC because many audio hardware devices need re-initialising when you power back up, generally requiring you to close down any sequencer and re-launch it to get your interface correctly recognised. By the time you've done this you might just as well have Shut Down and re-booted anyway!
The third alternative when you've finished using your computer is Sleep mode, which is rather like pausing a CD/DVD player in that it remembers the current state of all your open applications so it can quickly resume from the same point. To do this, it powers down most PC components, but keeps the RAM just ticking over. On a modern PC, entering Sleep mode will generally happen far more quickly than either Shut Down or Hibernation, while the time taken to re-awaken is also generally far quicker into the bargain.
There are only two slight disadvantages of Sleep mode, though. The first is that if you suffer a power cut while your PC is snoozing, you'll lose any data that you didn't bother to save before sending it to sleep — to avoid this possibility remember to use Ctrl-S from any open applications as a matter of course to save your latest work before entering Sleep mode. The second is, of course, that some power is consumed all the time to keep the RAM active — although, in practice, this tends to be tiny.
To give you an idea of the differences, I performed some tests on my own Windows 7 64-bit PC (a quad-core Ivy Bridge model running a 3770K CPU, 8GB RAM, two hard drives and a Windows SSD), and you can see them in the table. Your own PC will exhibit different results, but the trends will remain the same, namely that entering and exiting Sleep mode is always considerably faster than either shutting down or hibernating, while the energy used when sleeping is minimal (in my case no more than one Watt, so I could leave my PC sleeping continuously for over forty days and forty nights before it consumed 1kWh of power). A lot of the fuss about Windows 8 focuses on its quicker boot up time compared with previous Windows versions, but if you use Sleep mode this particular improvement becomes largely unnoticeable. I've been using Sleep with both Windows XP and Windows 7 for years now at lunchtime and overnight breaks, and only ever power down completely during thunderstorms or when away on holiday.
Microsoft has issued a warning to those of us who still use Windows XP. Despite being 12 years old, it remains Microsoft's second most-popular operating system (after Windows 7), but in April 2014 both Windows XP support and security patches will cease, whereupon hackers may reverse-engineer new Windows 7 and 8 updates to see if they can exploit similar vulnerabilities in XP. Of course, Microsoft are hoping that the warning will result in hordes of new Windows 8 purchases, but somehow I don't think this will happen. After all, if Windows XP is still doing its job after all these years for some people, and may be running hardware or software that specifically requires Windows XP, they are unlikely to respond to scare tactics.
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