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Done Deals

Logic Tips & Techniques
By Dot Bustelo

With Logic Pro X, there’s no excuse for leaving your music unfinished!

How many unfinished tracks are on your hard drive? Granted, not every track is meant to be completed, but in anyone’s list of projects there are likely a handful of keepers that are nearly ready for release or the next sync opportunity. Completing a track can be as simple as applying a few modern arranging touch–ups and orchestration techniques to create that authentic sense of a track building and resolving. They are the je ne sais quoi that makes a track sound finished, and Logic makes it easy to use them.

Building Work

Sometimes, the build between verses or choruses is achieved through layering: by doubling existing synth parts with the right instrumentation, for example, rather than busying up the track with more parts. Try adding subtle variations to the sound in the second verse or chorus to add subliminal interest to a track or song.

Track Stacks in Logic Pro X allow you to save and load layered sounds in the Sound Library that combine multiple soft synths, adding a richness to the production. If you still double your synth tracks manually for every project, by creating new software instrument tracks and copying the original region over, consider saving the multiple-synth combo as a custom patch for future use. See the April 2014 technique column for more about Track Stacks (https://sosm.ag/apr14logic).

Even if you’re using one of the factory Track Stacks, you can make the layered sound your own by experimenting with the Region Parameter box on individual subtracks. When you’re doing this, be sure to move the region with your MIDI performance from the master track to the individual subtracks. If you don’t, Region Parameter setting changes will be applied simultaneously to all the subtracks. With no region data on the subtracks, the Region Parameter box defaults to MIDI Thru and any parameter change is applied at once to all subtracks. Try the following parameters:

  • Transpose: Double a synth line at a different octave using the Transpose parameter, with the second octave played back by a different soft synth.
  • Quantize: Change the Swing value on a synth, drum or bass line so it sits more in the pocket.
  • Delay (under ‘More’): Apply the Delay parameter at the right moment on a doubled part at plus or minus quarter, eighth or 16th-note value.Try using different delay parameter settings (in the Region Parameter box) to create rhythmic interest or a  more evolving sound.Try using different delay parameter settings (in the Region Parameter box) to create rhythmic interest or a more evolving sound.

Fill Me In

Tracks can sometimes seem incomplete because the A and the B sections feel like two separate pieces of music with no glue to create the transition. An easy fix can start with dropping in a sampled drum fill. If you’re not a great drum fill programmer, dig through any of the ever–growing catalogues of sample libraries (a few recent favourites are Beatport Sounds, Sounds/To/Sample and Loopmasters) and collect a few solid sampled ones. You may be surprised how well a sampled fill can work, even if it has to be time–stretched to the correct tempo. With the slightest EQ, the library fill blends right in to your existing drum track. Try slicing off and using just the last beat or two beats so the fill doesn’t get repetitive, then strategically drop the complete one–bar fill in once or twice. This subtle movement can give even the most electronic track a touch of natural, live-drumming build-up.Two and four beat slices of a  one–bar sampled drum fill placed strategically as transitional builds.Two and four beat slices of a one–bar sampled drum fill placed strategically as transitional builds.

Strip It

The Repeat Section tool in the Toolbar is handy. Highlight the desired area in the bar ruler as if preparing to create a cycle area, then select the Repeat Section tool. With the copied section of the verse or chorus, strip out the vocals and leads then have a bit of fun introducing a subtle line of interest in the newly copied section. What sort of line? Well, if you have an unused vocal riff, try layering it with effects, chopping it up and repeating one syllable of it. Suddenly an out–take becomes the coolest section of the track. Alternatively, create a pulsing effect in the breakdown with Logic’s Tremolo on the Slow Panning preset, to move something back and forth within the stereo field in time with your track. There’s also a cool third–party plug–in called VolumeShaper 3 from Cableguys that will instantly add that EDM pulsing to your beat.Add a  pulsing effect to your break with the ‘Slow Panning’ setting on Logic’s Tremolo plug–in, or by using VolumeShaper from Cableguys on a  breakdown.Add a pulsing effect to your break with the ‘Slow Panning’ setting on Logic’s Tremolo plug–in, or by using VolumeShaper from Cableguys on a breakdown. Another possibility is to strip the track down to the vocals, with maybe one synth or drum line underneath for interest. Add any one of Logic’s built–in effects for a new dimension without playing additional parts. Try the Fuzz–Wah plug–in for warming up almost any sound, even an acoustic piano, so it blends into the track.

Delay Designer

Logic has an incredible suite of delay effects, the crown jewel of which may be Delay Designer, with the depth of parameter control and breadth of echo effects it offers. Delay Designer was introduced back in Logic 8, and still holds its own when it comes to offering effective ways to create delay effects. Here’s a quick refresher:

Delay Designer is a multi–tap delay. Up to 26 individual taps — or delay lines — can be fed back into the circuit, and each can be edited to create unusual delay effects. While Delay Designer can be used for basic echo effects, its raison d’être is the sort of evolving, complex pitch-changing rhythms found in the factory preset folders labelled Complex, Filtered and Warped.

Here’s how to tweak them yourself. The central, rectangular blue area in the Delay Designer interface is referred to as the Main display area, and it’s used for editing the tap parameters. This workspace gives you a horizontal timeline. The overview display in the upper right, beneath the View buttons, shows all the taps in the timeline in a miniaturised view. Whichever delay tap is selected, its value is displayed below at the centre of the enlarged circle labelled Tap Delay. Delay Designer gives you a lot of control over the taps!

  • Select any of the View buttons on top (Cutoff, Resonance, Transposition, Pan and Level).
  • Try adjusting the taps in the Main display area, where they are indicated as shaded lines. The bright bar on a tap indicates the value of the active parameter.
  • Move the taps forward or back in time.
  • Once the Start button to the left has been clicked, it changes to a button labelled Tap. Create additional taps by clicking this, copying existing taps or by creating them at the bottom of the Main display, in the bar that identifies each tap by a letter of the alphabet.
  • Set the level for each tap on the timeline by clicking on it.
  • Each delay tap can have a different panning or pitch depending on what the primary melody of the track warrants, either major or minor.
  • At the bottom of the interface, try adjusting the filter cutoff. Raise the high-pass filter (labelled HP) to approximately 400–500 Hz for a radio effect.
  • The Transposition tab shows each tap’s pitch in semitones, so you can play any melody using delays. Try setting the grid to quarter notes for a dramatic melody. Drag or Shift-drag up and down to change the pitch by semitones or cents.
  • The section at the bottom displays your overall settings, with the enlarged centre circle showing the value of the highlighted tap. You can grab all the taps by swiping across them in the Main area. This is particularly useful if you want to trim settings for all taps as a group.Experimenting with pitched taps in Delay Designer.Experimenting with pitched taps in Delay Designer.

Declutter & Hide Tracks

Sometimes the track just needs to breathe; the finished track is already there, just buried. Remove excess synth parts, guitar riffs, vocals and strip it back to the essence of the groove. Solo different combinations of tracks and you’ll hear the groove is already tight, just stuck underneath too many layers. Maybe just the bass line with one synth, not three, will hold down the groove? If you have trouble letting go, use Logic’s Track Hide feature to mute then hide surplus tracks to keep the project clean.

The Hide Tracks feature is a bit hidden in Pro X, as there’s no Hide button at the top of the track list. Instead, Ctrl–click (or right-click) on a track header and select ‘Hide Track/Show Hidden Track’ from the menu.Right–click on the track header to reveal the Hide Track feature.Right–click on the track header to reveal the Hide Track feature.

The Cleaner

Stop clogging up your hard drives with unfinished sketches filled with track clutter. When inspiration and focus are low for a new track, go back through your old drives, listen to untitled and forgotten tracks with fresh ears and strip out the insignificant parts. It’s likely there will be beats you wrote off that are actually really great when you listen again with fresh ears. The take–no–prisoners producer leaves no good idea unfinished!

Published December 2014