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Pro Tools: Folder Tracks In 2020.3

Avid Pro Tools Tips & Techniques By Julian Rodgers
Published June 2020

In the Mix window, Folder Tracks are identifiable by their colour banding.In the Mix window, Folder Tracks are identifiable by their colour banding.

We explore the 2020.3 update and specifically Pro Tools' new Folder Tracks.

The long–awaited new version of Pro Tools finally hit users' accounts on the very last day of March, making this the 2020.3 update. (The new numbering system replaced version numbers with the year of release followed by the month number after the decimal point.) So what's new and what does it mean for the typical user?

Catalina Support

Pro Tools 2020.3 supports Mac OS Catalina and is fully notarised, making the increased security in Catalina less obstructive. It also supports the new Mac Pro 7.1 with Native systems or DSP systems using up to three HDX cards, though this is likely to be an issue for rather fewer users. This isn't without qualification, however, as for the serious power users who have 24- or 28–core machines there are known issues with performance on Native systems. But for those of us who use more modest computers, what does Pro Tools 2020.3 offer to our everyday work?

Know When To Fold 'Em

This column has already discussed Folder Tracks in some detail, but that was based on the available information from the preview shown at the 2020 NAMM show. As such these features were always subject to minor changes, and while we knew quite a lot about how Folder Tracks were going to work, we didn't know everything. Having now had some time with the actual released version, what more is there to say and, most importantly of all, what are they actually like to use?

When I first saw the Folder Tracks feature in use, I assumed that I would use them in preference to submixing via Aux Tracks. Having now used them I'm not sure the transition will be as immediate as I had assumed, as the impact that the Folder Tracks feature has on the experience of using Pro Tools can be significant. There are two kinds of Folder Track:

  • Basic, which is a logical container for tracks to help organise a Session.
  • Routing, which does everything a Basic Folder Track does but adds submixing features similar to bussing a collection of tracks to an Aux Track.

Creating new Sessions using Folder Tracks is well thought out, with Basic and Routing Folder Tracks available from the New Track dialogue, and the option to convert Aux Tracks currently used for submixing in existing Pro Tools Sessions into Routing Folder Tracks via a right–click menu item called 'Convert Aux To Routing Folder'.

When a Routing Folder Track is created a corresponding bus is also created, inheriting the name of the Routing Folder Track. Any track type can exist in a Folder Track, including VCAs, Master Faders and MIDI and Instrument Tracks, and of course other Folder Tracks. Nesting Folder Tracks within Folder Tracks is possible up to eight layers deep. The pre-release information suggested that nesting nine layers deep was possible, and I can only assume that the 'nine deep' figure also included the top level of tracks which are not in a Folder.

Nest Practice

The nesting of Folder Tracks is probably the most significant feature to affect the Pro Tools user experience. Creating Folders, whether Routing or Basic, to a depth of only a single layer changes the appearance of Sessions very little, but if the nesting gets deep then representing this dendritic structure introduces a necessary amount of clutter and takes away some of the control a user has over exactly what order tracks appear in on the Edit and Mix pages.

The Edit window displays Folder Tracks and their contents in hierarchical fashion.The Edit window displays Folder Tracks and their contents in hierarchical fashion.

The Edit page is the view of Folder Tracks we have seen in some detail prior to the release of 2020.3. The Folder Track appears immediately above the member tracks it contains, and an offset of the track header to the right indicates the folder hierarchy, with nested folders becoming increasingly offset as the nesting gets deeper.

In the Mix window (see opening screenshot) things are slightly different: the Folder Tracks put a box around the tracks contained in the folder, best illustrated by colouring the Folder Tracks something other than their default blue. The Folder Track is placed to the left of the member tracks, mirroring their position above the member tracks in the Edit page. Because of this, and the fact that while you can hide member tracks individually, if you hide a Folder Track the Folder Track's contents get hidden too, there is a certain lack of flexibility about exactly which tracks get displayed and in which order.

In the example Session, which has a lot of nesting, the Kick In track, which ordinarily would be Track 1 in my Session, is far from the first track because it is nested seven folders deep, something I'll take some time to adapt to.

To get a quick visual overview of the structure of the nesting hierarchy, the best place to go isn't the Mix or Edit windows but the Tracks sidebar. This area of the Pro Tools interface has really found its place in this new world of foldering, where previously it has been useful but slightly optional. You really can get by most of the time without using it but there is no clearer representation of the nesting relationships between tracks available in the interface. Using some clever new shortcuts you can deftly control exactly what is visible from the Mix or Edit windows, but I've quickly started using the tracks sidebar in preference to either the Mix or Edit Windows.

Unfolding Folders

In the Mix and Edit Windows a small folder icon identifies a Folder Track. Clicking on this folder toggles the Folder Track between closed and open, revealing or hiding its contents. Toggling can be tricky using the mouse as, in both the Mix and Edit windows, the graphical changes tend to make the icon shift its position between the open and closed states. More convenient is the shortcut Option/Alt+F, which in the Edit window opens and closes any folder which is included in the Edit selection.

If you want to control your folders by selecting from the track headers, make sure you have 'Link Track And Edit Selections' checked in the toolbar using the button below the Trim Tool.

Track List

In the Track List, Folders are represented by a disclosure triangle; clicking on this triangle opens and closes the Folder. The small text used in the Tracks sidebar really helps present information about the nesting hierarchy of a Session, and as well as presenting an accessible overview of the Session it is also the place I've found the new shortcuts for making Folder Tracks a help rather than a hindrance to be most usable.

The new Folder menu.The new Folder menu.

They work in exactly the same way in the Mix and Edit windows but, because in any reasonably busy Session you are never going to be able to fit the whole Session on a single screen, it is here where the tiny font used in the Tracks List really has its moment.

The impact that the Folder Tracks feature has on the experience of using Pro Tools can be significant.

First some terminology: Tracks which aren't in any Folder occupy what is known as the 'Top Level'. Tracks and Folders which are enclosed in other Folders are Child Folders, and Folders which enclose other Folders are Parents to those Child Folders. Folders and Tracks which occupy the same level in this Parent/Child hierarchy are Siblings.

The shortcuts you need to know to manage your Folder Tracks are:

  • Cmd–Click: Open/close all Folder Tracks.
  • Option–Click: Open/close all Folder Tracks on the same layer (Siblings).
  • Cmd+Opt-Click/Ctrl+Alt-Click: Open/close Siblings and all Children nested below that level.
  • Opt+Shift/Alt+Shift: Open/close all selected Folder Tracks.


As referred to earlier, bringing old Sessions into this Folder Tracks workflow is straightforward. The option to convert Aux Tracks currently used for submixing in existing Pro Tools Sessions into Routing Folder Tracks can be achieved via a right–click menu item called 'Convert Aux To Routing Folder'. But what happens when a 2020.3 or later Session using Folder Tracks is opened in an earlier version of Pro Tools?

In the case of Routing Folder Tracks, they get converted to Aux Tracks and inherit the bussing from the Routing Folder Tracks, meaning that the submixing functionality is maintained but the Session management advantages are lost. In the case of Basic Folder Tracks, they are ignored in earlier versions of Pro Tools.

One important caveat to be aware of is that while you can open a 2020.3 Session which contains Folder Tracks on an earlier version of Pro Tools and have the Routing Folder Tracks converted to Aux Inputs, if you save that Session on that earlier version of Pro Tools, the Folder Tracks won't be there if you open that Session in 2020.3. In a simple Session it wouldn't take long to rebuild the Folder Tracks, and Import Session Data could help here, but with my tests between Pro Tools 2020.3 and 2018.12 there wasn't a round–trip compatibility.

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